The story is one of the important methods in the life of the child. When the child listens to the story, he or she develops two basic skills. The skills of listening, meeting and telling the story in his or her own way. This interaction is essential in learning the child to help him or her develop his or her linguistic outcome and acquisitions.

The use of graphic story in developing skills for the language of children with special disabilities is one of the important educational and learning methods in the teaching of this group, especially in the first elementary level in the first, second and third grades. Here, the child begins to discover new terms and begins to develop his linguistic dictionary.

Definition of storytelling to children with special disabilities

A graphic story can be defined as an artwork that helps a child with special disabilities develop their five senses and gives them a sense of joy through images or by hearing the story in a beautiful or exciting way to attract their attention as well as we can know it because it is a set of useful series accompanied by values, creativity and educational goals that help children with special disabilities in their acquisition as well as in their treatment.

Forms of books that suit each disability

We must believe that every child has the right to learn. The right of the school and the difference does not constitute its disability, but the lack of awareness and ignorance are those who cause its disability in the mind. The methods of presenting the graphic story varies from child to child according to its disability and using books or comics with children with special disabilities requires their mental abilities and not their age.

Children with linguistic disabilities

This category suits them without words to help them discover and observe them and describe these comics in their own way, thereby developing their language skills.


Hearing impaired children

This category suits them with comics with words. Based on the latter’s fees, they are considered sign language, which helps them understand the meaning.


Visually impaired children

This category suits them with stories based on touch as well as comics and written in its way. Braille for blind people or those with partial loss of sight can use audiovisual comics that help them develop their imagination and start to tell the story in their own way.


Children with mental disabilities

This category is suited to comics based on smells and cloth as well as themes that make it develop its mental skills, which are focused on attention and focus. These simple details help it develop.

Educational goals for reading stories for children with special need

1. Language Skills The story is one of the most important means of developing the language of a child with disabilities in particular by acquiring new vocabulary and terminology.

2. Educational visual skills through comics can distinguish between colors, shapes and lengths.

3. Audio-educational skills through audiovisual stories help a child with special disabilities create interactive communication with their surroundings and understand voices and distinguish between sounds, tones and pronunciation.

4. Mental skills help children’s comics develop their own mental skills when images are different from other stories. These help children with special disabilities focus and treat distractions.


Psychosocial benefits of photography for children with special disabilities

The graphic story is a useful way of positively affecting the psyche of children with special disabilities as it helps them to create an atmosphere of joy and joy. When the graphic story has an educational goal, it helps to create cooperation and participation between them.

It develops confidence in themselves, especially if the hero is a picture story like them or an event resembling their disability, and the end is happy. The latter helps them to gain new confidence and reconcile themselves with their psychological comfort.

The story has a great goal in building positive behavior in children with special disabilities.

Conditions for the use of a comic story for children with special disabilities in teaching:

Before telling the story or listening to it, we must know the conditions for the occasion of this class of children:

  1. We must choose the right picture, which is at the forefront of the story.
  2. There has to be a connection and interaction between the graphic story and the lesson provided so that the child doesn’t get lost between them.
  3. The graphic story must have the purpose and values of its fabrication and not talk about bullying or negative behavior that may lead to a child with special disabilities in his psychology and behavior with himself and his friends.
  4. The graphic story should be a little page or short in listening to avoid distraction. By its nature, a child is bored if a good choice is to be made.
  5. The story must be presented in a clear, pleasant and easy manner which helps children with difficult disabilities to listen and care.
  6. The teacher must have the right composition that will help him to take the picture or present it to children with special disabilities, especially for children with visual impairment.


Illustrated story is one of the important educational and educational tools for children, especially children with disabilities, that helps them develop their five senses. It brings joy to them. It is an important element both in school and in the home. It is the written and spoken language that drives the child to imagination and innovation and makes him different from the rest of the children.


Image from: flickr


Written by: Hasnaa Loqman

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